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ANATOMICAL STRUCTURE OF TISSUES OF THE PLANT STEMS OF CARBONIFEROUS OF UKRAINE AND THEIR ROLE IN PEAT AND COAL FORMATION

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index DOI

Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3-4 (176-177) 2018, 21-48.

Vasyl UZIYUK

Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, е-mail: coalgeol@franco.Lviv.ua

Abstract

Here the results of the determination of the intensity of compression of coaly rocks and coal-forming phytomass based on macroscopic geological comparative methods for different conditions of occurrence of remnants of organs of coal-forming plants as well as based on studies of the thin sections of different coal-forming tissues of phytoleims and petrifications by macropaleobotanic comparative and micropaleobotanic anatomical-morphological methods are described. The influence of the mineral composition of inorganic rocks, that compose the cores of the plant fragments or fill the hollowness of the cells of the plant tissues, and the intensity of their decomposition while peat- and coal-forming upon the intensity of phytomass compression is revealed.

Keywords

Carboniferous, plant, peat, coal, vitrain, phytomass, anatomy, peat and coal formation, compression, decomposition.

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