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INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF THE PROSPECTING FOR MINERAL DEPOSITS BASED ON DATA OF FLUID INCLUSIONS RESEARCH

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 92–108


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 92–108.

https://doi.org/

Ihor NAUMKO, Yosyp SVOREN

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

The innovative approach to the development of prospective technologies (methods) was substantiated on crystallogenic and physicochemical principles of the knowledge of mineral forming environments (fluids) (thermobarogeochemistry – mineralofluidology – fluid inclusions) as a new branch of geological knowledge within the framework of the new scientific direction in the geology – thermobarometry and geochemistry of gases of veinlet-impregnated mineralization in deposits of oil- and gas-bearing areas and metallogenic provinces” as a natural phenomenon of the Earth’s lithosphere. According to him, the creation of radically new technologies and realization of prospecting for mineral deposits (first of all hydrocarbons and gold) simultaneously with the elucidation of the problem of genesis and synthesis of hydrocarbons at the atomic-molecular level fixed by such defects in the mineral crystals as fluid inclusions. Developed technologies, namely: determination of genesis of hydrocarbon gases; determination of prospects of oil and gas presence of a local area; local forecast of enriched areas of gold ore fields; express determination of potassium ions in inclusions for identification of gold-enriched and barren veinlet formations, – belong to the branch of the exploration geology and geochemistry and are used to ascertain genetic guestions, to solve tasks of the mineralogical-geochemical prediction and prospecting for mineral deposits in the local structures of oil- and gas-bearing areas and metallogenic provinces. The comparison of fluid inclusions of veinlets and host rocks based on the sections of a number of wells has shown the considerable possibilities of the developed technologies and prospects of the usage of thermobarogeochemical-mineralofluidological indicators in the complex with the geochemical and geophysical (petrophysical) methods, data of geological survey, deep-seated drilling while predicting hydrocarbon deposits in the local structures of the sedimentary strata promising for oil and gas and making necessary amendments in the directions of the following geological-prospecting works.

Keywords

innovative technologies, fluid inclusions, geochemistry, thermobarometry, fluids, hydrocarbons, gold, mineral-ore-naphthidogenesis, Earth’s lithosphere

Referenses

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GEOCHEMICAL FEATURES OF EURASIAN EVAPORITES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE CHEMICAL EVOLUTION OF SEAWATER IN PHANEROZOIC

Home > Archive > No. 1–2 (183–184) 2021 > 110–129


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 1–2 (183–184) 2021, 110–129.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.01-02.110

Аnatoliy GALAMAY, Andriy POBEREZHSKYY, Sofiya HRYNIV, Serhiy VOVNYUK, Dariya SYDOR, Iaroslava IAREMCHUK, Sofiya MAKSYMUK, Oksana OLIYOVYCH-HLADKA, Lyudmila BILYK

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

Studies of evaporites provide new data to characterize the seawater chemistry in the Early Paleozoic and Middle Mesozoic. In particular, we studied the fluid inclusions in halite from Ordovician (China) and Cretaceous (Laos) evaporites. The corresponding sections on the plot of Ca/SO4 oscillations curve in the Phanerozoic seawater are updated. The calcium content in seawater concentrated to halite precipitation stage was 45.6 mol %, 485 million years ago and 24.3 mol % 112.2–93.5 million years ago.

By analyzing the previously published and new factual material, it is established that in Permian evaporites the sulfur isotopic composition is inversely correlated with the sulfate ion content in evaporite basin brines. Thus, the evolution of seawater chemistry in Permian is confirmed by the evolution of the isotopic composition of dissolved seawater sulfate.

According to the generalization of 38 Phanerozoic marine evaporite formations, it was found that the peculiarities of the clay minerals associations correlate with the change of the seawater chemical type. Clay minerals associations precipitated from the SO4-rich seawater are characterized by a larger set of minerals, among which smectite and mixed- layered minerals often occur; Mg-rich clay minerals (corensite, paligorskite, sepiolite, talc) also occur. Instead, in the associations of evaporite clay minerals formed from the Ca-rich seawater are represented by the smaller amount of minerals, and Mg-rich minerals are extremely rare. The increased content of magnesium in seawater of SO4-rich type is the main factor in the formation of Mg-rich silicates in evaporites.

The composition of clay minerals associations depends on the evaporate basin brine concentration; with its increase, unstable minerals are transformed, which theoretically leads to a decrease in the number of minerals in the associations. However, it was found that evaporite deposits of higher stages of brine concentration often still contain unstable clay minerals – products of incomplete transformation of a significant amount of pyroclastic material from coeval volcanic activity.

The main factor determining the composition of clay minerals associations of Phanerozoic evaporites was the seawater (and basin brines) chemical type.

Geochemical studies of scattered organic matter and fluid inclusions with hydrocarbon phase in evaporites of the Upper Pechora Basin (overlying oil and gas deposits) indicate the presence of allochthonous bitumoids and allow to use this method to predict oil and gas potential of other areas. Analysis of the results of oil and gas exploration in a number of areas of the Transcarpathian Trough indicates the presence of fluid-saturated reservoirs and the prospects for the discovery of new accumulations of hydrocarbons. Geochemical studies proved the effectiveness of gas-flow survey method for oil and gas exploration, assessing the prospects for fluid saturation of seismic structures.

Keywords

fluid inclusions, halit, salt Basin, seawater.

Referenses

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GEOCHEMISTRY Of FLUIDS: INNOVATIVE SOLUTION OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PROBLEM

Home > Archive > No. 1–2 (183–184) 2021 > 130–148


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 1–2 (183–184) 2021, 130–148.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.01-02.130

Josyp SVOREN

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

First of all, has developed a reliable mass spectrometric method for studying fluid inclusions in minerals (on the basis of the author’s certificate of the USSR No. 454446 of 1974 for the invention of the “device for cleaning the content inclusions of solid materials”). Were created and published new scientific directions: 1. Thermobarometry and geochemistry of gases of veinlet-impregnated mineralization in sediments of oil and gas regions and metallogenic provinces. 2. Bowels of the Earth – natural physicochemical reactor. Was developed a “method (technology) for determining the prospects of oil and gas bearing of the local area” and “a method (technology) of local forecasting of enriched areas of gold-ore fields” (together with M. M. Davydenko). Was established unknown before, but objectively existing phenomenon of the material world: 1) “lack of molecular hydrogen in inclusions in minerals in the bowels of the planet Earth” (together with V. A. Kaliuzhny). Independently were established: 2) previously unknown “property of deep abiogenic methane-termobar high-temperature fluid decompose-convert natural organic residues into layers of coal with their simultaneous methane saturation and its conservation in the earth’s crust of the planet Earth”; 3) previously unknown natural “phenomenon of arbitrary formation of natural carbon methane in the coal layers of the earth’s crust of the planet Earth under the influence of abiogenic methane-containing high-temperature fluid with their conservation in them”; 4) previously unknown different chemical properties of carbon isotopes in natural processes of synthesis-formation of various carbon-containing compounds …; 5) “previously unknown pattern of natural processes of synthesis of perfect diamond crystals from astenospheric carbon dioxide ions…”. Was justified “a new way to determine the calorification of natural gas supplied to consumers and its cubic-metre barometry”.

Keywords

geochemistry, fluid inclusions, veinlet-impregnated mineralization, deep abiogenic methane-bearing high-termobaric fluid, searches, new technologies, cubic-metre-barometry, scientific discovery.

Referenses

Davydenko, M. M., & Svoren, Y. M. (1994). Sposib lokalnoho prohnozuvannia zbahachenykh dilianok zolotorudnykh poliv (Patent Ukrainy № 5G01V9/00). Promyslova vlasnist, 3, 27. [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I. M. (2006). Fliuidnyi rezhym mineralohenezu porodno-rudnykh kompleksiv Ukrainy (za vkliuchenniamy u mineralakh typovykh parahenezysiv) [Extended abstract of Doctorʼs thesis]. Instytut heolohii i heokhimii horiuchykh kopalyn NAN Ukrainy. Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I. M., Bekesha, S. M., & Svoren, Y. M. (2008). Fliuidy hlybynnykh horyzontiv litosfery: zviazok z rodovyshchamy nafty i hazu u zemnii kori (za danymy vyvchennia vkliuchen u mineralakh hlybynnoho pokhodzhennia). Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 8, 117–120. [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I. M., & Kaliuzhnyi, V. A. (2001). Pidsumky ta perspektyvy doslidzhen termobarometrii i heokhimii paleofliuidiv litosfery (za vkliuchenniamy u mineralakh). Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 2, 162–175. [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I., Kaliuzhnyi, V., Bratus, M., Zinchuk, I., Kovalyshyn, Z., Matviienko, O., Redko, L., & Svoren, Y. (2000). Uchennia pro mineralotvorni fliuidy: priorytetni zavdannia rozvytku na suchasnomu etapi. Mineralohichnyi zbirnyk, 50(2), 22–30. [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I., Pavliuk, M., & Poberezhskyi, A. (2020). Heokhimiia i termobarometriia mineraloutvoriuvalnykh fliuidiv ta termobaroheokhimiia evaporytiv – vsesvitno vidomi naukovi shkoly. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1(182), 62–75. https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2020.01.062 [in Ukrainian]

Naumko, I. M., & Svoren, Y. M. (2008). Pro shliakhy vtilennia hlybynnoho vysokotemperaturnoho fliuidu u zemnu koru. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 9, 112–114. [in Ukrainian]

Pavlyshyn, V. I., Bondarenko, S. M., Bryk, O. B., Vozniak, D. K., Yelchenko, K. O., Kalinichenko, A. M., Kvasnytsia, V. M., Kulchytska, H. O., Lupashko, T. M., Naumko, I. M., Semenenko, V. P., Taran, M. M., Tarashchan, A. M., Khomenko, V. M., & Chernysh, D. S. (2018). Mineralohiia u Natsionalnii akademii nauk Ukrainy (do 100-richchia NAN Ukrainy). Mineralohichnyi zhurnal, 40(3), 3–22. https://doi.org/10.15407/mineraljournal.40.03.003 [in Ukrainian]

Svoren’, I. M. (1974). Ustroistvo dlya ochistki soderzhimogo vklyuchenii tverdykh materialov (Avtorskoe svidetel’stvo SSSR № 454446). Byulleten’, 47. [in Russian]

Svoren’, I. M. (1984). Primesi gazov v kristallakh mineralov i drugikh tverdykh telakh, ikh sposoby izvlecheniya, sostav, forma nakhozhdeniya i vliyanie na svoistva veshchestv [Extended abstract of сandidateʼs thesis]. Institut geologii i geokhimii goryuchikh iskopaemykh AN USSR. L’vov. [in Russian]

Svoren, Y. M. (1992). Pytannia teorii henezysu pryrodnykh vuhlevodniv ta shliakhy poshuku yikh pokladiv. In Tektohenez i naftohazonosnist nadr Ukrainy: tezy dopovidei naukovoi narady (20–22 zhovtnia 1992 r.) (pp. 143–145). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M. (2008). Termobarometriia i heokhimiia haziv prozhylkovo-vkraplenoi mineralizatsii u vidkladakh naftohazonosnykh oblastei i metalohenichnykh provintsii: pryroda vuhilnoho metanu. Ugol’ Ukrainy, 8(620), 42–46. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2011a). Nadra Zemli – pryrodnyi fizyko-khimichnyi reaktor: izotopy vuhletsiu pro pokhodzhennia planety Zemlia. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1–2(154–155), 158–159. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2011b). Nadra Zemli – pryrodnyi fizyko-khimichnyi reaktor: pryroda zemletrusu. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1–2(154–155), 160–162. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2017a). Nadra Zemli – pryrodnyi fizyko-khimichnyi reaktor: pryrodnyi vuhlevodnevyi fenomen. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1–2(170–171), 157–160. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2017b). Yavyshche utvorennia pryrodnykh vuhlemetaniv pid diieiu abiohennoho metanovmistnoho vysokotermobarnoho hlybynnoho fliuidu. In Heolohiia horiuchykh kopalyn: dosiahnennia ta perspektyvy: materialy II Mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii (Kyiv, 6–8 veresnia 2017 r.) (pp. 225–229). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2019a). Nadra Zemli – pryrodnyi fizyko-khimichnyi reaktor: poshuk pryrodnoho metanu – fundamentalna nauka chy tekhnichna problema? Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 4(181), 104–115. https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2019.04.104 [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2019b). Pro novyi pidkhid do vyznachennia teplotvornosti pryrodnoho hazu, yakyi postachaiut spozhyvacham ta yoho kubometrobarometriiu. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 2(179), 84–89. https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2019.02.084 [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2020a). Nadra Zemli – pryrodnyi fizyko-khimichnyi reaktor: pryroda vody naftovykh i hazovykh rodovyshch. In Naftohazova haluz: Perspektyvy naroshchuvannia resursnoi bazy: materialy dopovidei Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi konferentsii (Ivano-Frankivsk, 08–09 hrudnia 2020 r.) (pp. 158–160). [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. (2020b). Pro znachennia kubometrobarometrii pryrodnoho hazu, yakyi postachaiut spozhyvacham. In Naftohazova haluz: Perspektyvy naroshchuvannia resursnoi bazy: materialy dopovidei Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-tekhnichnoi konferentsii (Ivano-Frankivsk, 08–09 hrudnia 2020 r.) (pp. 91–94). [in Ukrainian]

Svoren’, J. M. (2020c). Subsoil Natural Physico-Chemical Reactor: Regularity of Natural Processes of Synthesis of Perfect Diamond Crystals. Journal of Geological Resource and Engineering, 8, 133–136. https://doi.org/10.17265/2328-2193/2020.04.005

Svoren’, J. M. (2020d). Various Chemical Properties of Carbon Isotopes in Natural Synthesis of Different Compounds. Journal of Geological Resource and Engineering, 8, 20–23. https://doi.org/10.17265/2328-2193/2020.01.002

Svoren’, J. M. (2021). Subsoil Natural Physico-chemical Reactor: The Property of Deep Abiogenic Methane-Containing High-Thermobaric Fluid to Form Coal Seams. Journal of Geological Resource and Engineering, 9, 25–28. https://doi.org/10.17265/2328-2193/2021.01.003

Svoren, Y. M., & Davydenko, M. M. (1994). Sposib vyznachennia perspektyvy naftohazonosnosti lokalnoi ploshchi (Patent Ukrainy № 5G01V9/00). Promyslova vlasnist, 4. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., Davydenko, M. M., Haievskyi, V. H., Krupskyi, Yu. Z., & Pelypchak, B. P. (1994). Perspektyvy termobarometrii i heokhimii haziv prozhylkovo-vkraplenoi mineralizatsii u vidkladakh naftohazonosnykh oblastei i metalohenichnykh provintsii (novyi naukovyi napriamok v heolohii). Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 3–4(88–89), 54–63. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., & Naumko, I. M. (2000). Nova tekhnolohiia vyznachennia henezysu vuhlevodnevykh haziv. In Nafta i haz Ukrainy–2000: materialy VI Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii (Ivano-Frankivsk, 31 zhovtnia–3 lystopada 2000 r.) (Vol. 1, pp. 108). Ivano-Frankivsk: Fakel. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., & Naumko, I. M. (2006a). Nova teoriia syntezu i henezysu pryrodnykh vuhlevodniv: abiohenno-biohennyi dualizm. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 2, 111–116. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., & Naumko, I. M. (2006b). Rol riznykh form vodniu ta vuhletsiu v pryrodnykh protsesakh: novyi pohliad na pokhodzhennia vuhlevodniv. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 1, 131–134. [in Ukrainian]


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GEOCHEMISTRY AND THERMOBAROMOMETRY OF MINERAL-FORMING FLUIDS AND THERMOBAROGEOCHEMISTRY OF EVAPORITES – WORLD-FAMOUS SCIENTIFIC SCHOOLS

Home > Archive > No. 1 (182) 2020 > 62-75


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 1 (182) 2020, 62-75.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2020.01.062

Ihor NAUMKO, Myroslav PAVLYUK, Andriy POBEREZHSKYY

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

Fundamental and applied achievements in the fields of geochemistry and thermobarometry of mineral-forming fluids and thermobarogeochemistry of evaporites are summarized as the basis of the corresponding world-famous scientific thermobarogeochemical schools established by professors V. A. Kalyuzhny and O. Yo. Petrychenko at the Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine on the basis of creative development of ideas of predecessors with the support of academicians Ye. K. Lazarenko, V. S. Sobolyev, H. N. Dolenko. Emphasis is placed on the contribution of schools to geological science, which is determined by the formed knowledge base on geochemical and thermobaric parameters of fluid environments of mineral-ore- naphthidogenesis in the Earth’s lithosphere (according to data of fluid inclusions research). In this context, in view of the enormous array of available data, the composition, physicochemical properties, genesis of fluids of the upper mantle and crust are briefly discussed and it is shown that the course of processes of petro-, mineral-, ore-, naphthidogenesis and formation fields of hydrocarbon, ore and non-ore minerals is determined by the peculiarities of degassing (defluidization) of the Earth and its influence on the conversion of carbon compounds during terrigenous, organogenic, hemogenic sedimentation and on the processes of diagenesis of sediments of various origins. The obtained data on the reproduction of the evolution of the fluid regime of rock complexes contribute to solving the fundamental problem of geochemistry of carbon and hydrogen (hydrocarbon-hydrogen matter) and deep (endogenous) fluid flows in the Earth’s lithosphere as an important basis for mineralofluidological model of the planet. They played a decisive role in substantiating at the Institute on the basis of abiogenic-biogenic dualism universal approaches to the processes of synthesis and genesis of natural hydrocarbons in the form of a new fundamental paradigm of oil and gas geology and geochemistry, the polygenesis of natural hydrocarbons in the Earth’s bowels, which increases the potential of oil and gas resources of promising regions, including Ukraine. This creates the preconditions for the identification of promising rock complexes for hydrocarbon, ore and non-ore minerals by applying the obtained fundamental thermobarogeochemical data in forecasting, exploration and operational practice on the basis of developing of new non-traditional geotechnologies for assessment and exploration of hydrocarbons and minerals.

Keywords

fluid inclusions, geochemistry, thermobarometry, fluids, fluid media, mineral-ore-naphthidogenesis, Earth’s lithosphere.

REFERENCES

Bratus’, M. D., Davidenko, M. M., Zinchuk, I. M., Kalyuzhnyi, V. A., Matvienko, O. D., Naumko, I. M., Pirozhik, H. E., Red’ko, L. R., & Svoren’, Yo. M. (1994). Fluid regime in mineral formation in lithosphere (in relation to prognosis in prospecting for economic deposits), Fluid inclusion research: Proceedings оf COFFІ, USA, 27, 173–174.

Bratus, M. D., Davydenko, M. M., Zinchuk, I. M., Kaliuzhnyi, V. A., Matviienko, O. D., Naumko, I. M., Pirozhyk, N. E., Redko, L. R., & Svoren, Y. M. (1994). Fliuidnyi rezhym mineraloutvorennia v litosferi (v zviazku z prohnozuvanniam korysnykh kopalyn). Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]

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BOWELS OF THE EARTH – NATURAL PHYSICAL-CHEMICAL REACTOR: IS THE SEARCH FOR NATURAL METHANE A FUNDAMENTAL SCIENCE OR A TECHNICAL PROBLEM?

Home > Archive > No. 4 (181) 2019 > 104-115


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 4 (181) 2019, 104-115.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2019.04.104

Yosyp Svoren

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine,
e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

It is shown that the hypothesis of organic origin of hydrocarbons doesn’t respond to the presence of a dominant concentration of methane in sediments, deposits, “shale’ series and so on, hence prospecting and exploration for hydrocarbon deposits in them are conducted in most cases intuitively, but not on the fundamental scientific basis.

Experimental studies based on the heating of slightly modified organic matter (peat) show that up to 200 °C in the process of its decomposition the following gases were delivered (vol. %): CO2 = 49.5; H2O = 49.3; CH4, C2H6, C3H8, N2, H2, SO2, H2S within 1.2 % in total.

It is confirmed that there is no coal methane, there is no shale gas-methane, but there is methane of one genesis with slightly different isotope composition of carbon, but synthesized according to the same mechanism in the high-thermobaric processes that after migration into the earth’s crust accumulated in the form of deposits in cavities of coal seams, terrigenous units, sandstones and so on.

Prospecting for pool-deposits of hydrocarbons should be carried out in conformity with developed “new technology of determination of prospects for oil and gas presence in the local area”, “physical-chemical model of synthesis of hydrocarbons and the way of geochemical searching for their occurrences”, “new theory of hydrocarbon synthesis and genesis in the earth’s lithosphere: abiogenic-biogenic dualism”.

Keywords

fluid inclusions, minerals, methane, origin of hydrocarbons, exploration, pool-deposits, new technologies.

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