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GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE AND PROSPECTS OF OIL-GAS PRESENCE AT THE POHAR PLOT (Folded Carpathians)

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 5–15


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 5–15.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.005

Volodymyr SHLAPINSKY, Myroslav PAVLYUK, Yaroslav LAZARUK, Olesya SAVCHAK, Myroslav TERNAVSKY

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: vlash.ukr@gmail.com

Abstract

The Pohar plot is situated in the Skole district of the Lviv Region, 30 km south-west of Skole town, between Pohar and Kryve villages. Tectonically it is located in of junction of the Skybian (Slavske Skyba) and the Krosno covers. At the end of XIX beginning of XX centuries in the region of the village the oil-extracting enterprise was existent. There deposits of Oligocen and Eocene of the Rozluch belt of the Krosno cover and Oligocene of the scale of the Slavske skyba of the Skybian cover were exploited. During two ten-years of exploitation by exploring shafts and shallow boreholes more than 3 thousand ton of oil was extracted. Prospects of the Pohar plot should be connected with sand horizons of the Holovets suite of Oligocen (Klivsky sandstones) that are characterized by satisfactory reservoir properties. They are localized in the immersed part of the Hrosivsky scale of the Krosno cover separated by the Rozluch fault (tectonically screened deposit) from its forkball part, drilled in 1973–1974 1-Pohar borehole (well bottom 1935 m), due to deflection of its hole to the south-east, didn’t expose the Klivsky sandstones and didn’t solve its task. For complete exposition of the Klivsky sandstones of the Holovets suite of Oligocene of the Hrosivsky scale it is necessary to design vertically oriented 2-Pohar borehole of 2300 m in depth. About probable commercial oil-gas saturation of the horizon of the Klivsky sandstones testifies not only to the existence of the oil-extracting enterprise in the past, but the intensive surface oil shows in the stretched area that is controlled by the Rozluch fault. Moreover, taking the prospect of the zone of junction of the given covers in consideration, the seismic survey should be conducted at the Pohar area for the estimation of the geological structure of the deeper horizons and parametric borehole of 4000–5000 m in depth should be designed.

Keywords

Skybian and Krosno covers, Rozluch fault, oil extracting enterprise, prospects of oil-gas presence

Referenses

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Kuzovenko, V. V., Glushko, V. V., Myshkin, L. P., & Shlapinskii, V. E. (1990). Izuchenie geologo-geofizicheskikh materialov po Skibovoi i Krosnenskoi zonam Skladchatykh Karpat, s tsel’yu vyyavleniya perspektivnykh na neft’ i gaz ob”ektov za 1988–1990 gg. PGO “Zapadukrgeologiya”. L’vov: Fondy DP “Zakhidukrheolohiia”. [in Russian]

Kuzovenko, V. V., Zhigunova, Z. F., & Petrov, V. G. (1977). Otchet o rezul’tatakh gruppovoi kompleksnoi geologicheskoi s”emki masshtaba 1 : 50 000, provedennoi na ploshchadi Klimets L’vovskoi i Zakarpatskoi oblastei USSR v 1973–1976 gg. Trest “L’vovneftegazrazvedka”, KGP. L’vov: Fondy DP “Zakhidukrheolohiia”. [in Russian]

Kyk, I. V., Chizh, E. I., & Ratych, V. A. (1966). Otchet o rezul’tatakh profil’nogo strukturno-poiskovogo bureniya na ploshchadi Turka L’vovskoi oblasti USSR, provedennogo v 1964–1965 gg. L’vov: Fondy DP “Zakhidukrheolohiia”. [in Russian]

Shlapinskyi, V. Ye., Havryshkiv, H. Ya., & Haievska, Yu. P. (2020). Kolektory nafty i hazu v kreidovo-paleotsenovykh vidkladakh Skybovoho pokryvu Ukrainskykh Karpat (pivnichno-zakhidna i tsentralna dilianky) ta perspektyvy yikh naftohazonosnosti. Heolohichnyi zhurnal, 3, 47–64. https://doi.org/10.30836/igs.1025-6814.2020.3.207341 [in Ukrainian]

Temnyuk, F. P. (1952). Otchet o geologicheskikh issledovaniyakh zony Krosno, provedennykh na ploshchadi Il’nik–Komarniki Drogobychskoi oblasti v 1951 g. L’vov: Fondy DP “Zakhidukrheolohiia”. [in Russian]

Wyszyński, O. W., & Obtułowicz, J. (1939). Antyklina Poharu. Budowa geologiczna i złoża ropy. Przemysł naftowy, 3, 65–68.


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СONSUMPTION OF COMBUSTIBLE MINERALS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE TARGETS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF UKRAINE AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT CHANGES

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 109–125


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 109–125.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.109

Myroslav PODOLSKYY, Dmytro BRYK, Lesia KULCHYTSKA-ZYHAILO, Oleh GVOZDEVYCH

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: cencon@ukr.net

Abstract

An analysis of Ukraine’s sustainable development targets, in particular in the field of energy, resource management and environmental protection, are presented. It is shown that regional energetic is a determining factor for achieving the aims of sustainable development.

Changes in the natural environment in Ukraine due to external (global) and internal (local) factors that are intertwined and overlapped can cause threats to socio-economic development. It is proved that in the areas of mining and industrial activity a multiple increase in emissions of pollutants into the environment are observed.

The comparison confirmed the overall compliance of the structure of consumption of primary energy resources (solid fossil fuels, natural gas, nuclear fuel, oil and petroleum products, renewable energy sources) in Ukraine and in the European Union, shows a steaby trend to reduce the share of solid fuels and natural gas and increasing the shares of energy from renewable sources.

For example, in Ukraine the shares in the production and cost of electricity in 2018 was: the nuclear power plants – 54.33 % and in the cost – 26.60 %, the thermal power – 35.95 and 59.52 %, the renewable energy sources – 9.6 and 13.88 %.

The energy component must be given priority, as it is crucial for achieving of all other goals of sustainable development and harmonization of socio-economic progress.

The paper systematizes the indicators of regional energy efficiency and proposes a dynamic model for the transition to sustainable energy development of the region.

Keywords

combustible minerals, goals of sustainable development, ecology, energy efficiency indicators

Referenses

Barannik, V. O. (2017). Enerhoefektyvnist rehioniv Ukrainy: problemy otsinky ta naiavnyi stan. Dnipro: Instytut stratehichnykh doslidzhen, Rehionalnyi filial u m. Dnipro. [in Ukrainian]

Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy. Enerhetychnyi balans Ukrainy za 2017 rik. http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2012/energ/en_bal/arh_2012.htm [in Ukrainian]

Dosvid krain Yevrosoiuzu z pidvyshchennia enerhoefektyvnosti, enerhoaudytu ta enerhomenedzhmentu z enerhooshchadnosti v ekonomitsi krain. (2017).  Kyiv: DP “NEK Ukrenerho”. http://energy.esco.agency/rubriki-zhurnala/jenergomenedzhment-v-jenergetike/4764/dosvid-krain-ievrosojuzu-z-pidvishhennja-energoefektivnosti-energoauditu-ta-energomenedzhmentu-z-energooshhadnosti-v-ekonomici-krain [in Ukrainian]

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Ministerstvo ekonomiky Ukrainy. (2020). Dobrovilnyi natsionalnyi ohliad shchodo Tsilei staloho rozvytku v Ukraini. https://me.gov.ua/Documents/Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=a0fc2a99-ada3-4a6d-b65b-cb542c3d5b77&title=DobrovilniiNatsionalniiOgliadSchodoTsileiStalogoRozvitkuVUkraini [in Ukrainian]

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INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF THE PROSPECTING FOR MINERAL DEPOSITS BASED ON DATA OF FLUID INCLUSIONS RESEARCH

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 92–108


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 92–108.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.092

Ihor NAUMKO, Yosyp SVOREN

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

The innovative approach to the development of prospective technologies (methods) was substantiated on crystallogenic and physicochemical principles of the knowledge of mineral forming environments (fluids) (thermobarogeochemistry – mineralofluidology – fluid inclusions) as a new branch of geological knowledge within the framework of the new scientific direction in the geology – thermobarometry and geochemistry of gases of veinlet-impregnated mineralization in deposits of oil- and gas-bearing areas and metallogenic provinces” as a natural phenomenon of the Earth’s lithosphere. According to him, the creation of radically new technologies and realization of prospecting for mineral deposits (first of all hydrocarbons and gold) simultaneously with the elucidation of the problem of genesis and synthesis of hydrocarbons at the atomic-molecular level fixed by such defects in the mineral crystals as fluid inclusions. Developed technologies, namely: determination of genesis of hydrocarbon gases; determination of prospects of oil and gas presence of a local area; local forecast of enriched areas of gold ore fields; express determination of potassium ions in inclusions for identification of gold-enriched and barren veinlet formations, – belong to the branch of the exploration geology and geochemistry and are used to ascertain genetic guestions, to solve tasks of the mineralogical-geochemical prediction and prospecting for mineral deposits in the local structures of oil- and gas-bearing areas and metallogenic provinces. The comparison of fluid inclusions of veinlets and host rocks based on the sections of a number of wells has shown the considerable possibilities of the developed technologies and prospects of the usage of thermobarogeochemical-mineralofluidological indicators in the complex with the geochemical and geophysical (petrophysical) methods, data of geological survey, deep-seated drilling while predicting hydrocarbon deposits in the local structures of the sedimentary strata promising for oil and gas and making necessary amendments in the directions of the following geological-prospecting works.

Keywords

innovative technologies, fluid inclusions, geochemistry, thermobarometry, fluids, hydrocarbons, gold, mineral-ore-naphthidogenesis, Earth’s lithosphere

Referenses

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Svoren, Y. M., & Davydenko, M. M. (1995). Termobarometriia i heokhimiia haziv prozhylkovo-vkraplenoi mineralizatsii u vidkladakh naftohazonosnykh oblastei i metalohenichnykh provintsii. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 9, 72–73. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., & Davydenko, M. M. (1998). Poshukove znachennia termobarometrii i heokhimii haziv prozhylkovo-vkraplenoi mineralizatsii u vidkladakh naftohazonosnykh oblastei i metalohenichnykh provintsii. In Nafta i haz Ukrainy–98: materialy V Mizhnarodnoi konferentsii (Poltava, 15–17 veresnia 1998 r.) (Vol. 1, pp. 110–111). Poltava: UNHA. [in Ukrainian]

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Svoren, Y. M., & Naumko, I. M. (2005). Termobarometriia i heokhimiia haziv prozhylkovo-vkraplenoi mineralizatsii u vidkladakh naftohazonosnykh oblastei i metalohenichnykh provintsii – pryrodnyi fenomen litosfery Zemli. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 2, 109–113. [in Ukrainian]

Svoren, Y. M., & Naumko, I. M. (2006). Nova teoriia syntezu i henezysu pryrodnykh vuhlevodniv: abiohenno-biohennyi dualizm. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 2, 111–116. [in Ukrainian]

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COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL FOR COAL PRESENCE IN THE LOWER PART OF CARBONIFEROUS DEPOSITS OF THE LVIV-VOLYN BASIN

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 73–91


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 73–91.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.073

Mykhailo MATROFAILO, Iryna BUCHYNSKA, Andriy POBEREZHSKYY, Oksana STUPKA, Ivan YATSENKO, Olena SHEVCHUK, Iryna KUDRYCH

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

On the basis of morphological analysis and detailed studies of lithological-facies composition and formation conditions of coal-bearing deposits the investigations of the lower part of Carboniferous deposits of the Lviv-Volyn Basin of south-western edge of the East European Platform were conducted. In particular, the available geological material was analyzed; the initial conditions of Carbonic coal-forming (Late Tournai – beginning of Late Visean) were studied and positions of the lower boundary of the coal-bearing formation were grounded; the availability of commercial coal-bearing potential (thickness of coal seams 0.6 m and more) of the lower part of Carbonic was studied; commercial coal-bearing potential of the Visean and the lower part of the Serpukhovian stages of the lower subformation of the basin was detected; the influence of intraformational and epigenetic washings and other factors that caused the formation and changes of the lower part of the coal-bearing formation, the morphology were investigated; the possibilities of commercial development of coal seams of the lower horizons were grounded.

The most promising areas for searching commercial coal seams and the plots with workable thickness in deposits of the lower coal-bearing subformation were singled out for the extension of commercial coal-bearing potential and determination of the directions of searching and prospecting for promising coal deposits of the basin. It was noted that within the bounds of such areas (the Kovel area, the Bubnivska area, the Busk field and other) a continental regime was formed for a long time, and in the conditions of the marshy near-sea lowgrounds with a developed river system and dismembered paleorelief the periodical peat accumulation occurred that caused the formation of commercial coal seams.

Reliable prediction of the mining-geological conditions for the development and the assessment of the commercial usability of the coal seams of the lower part of Carbonic deposits in the whole territory of the basin and within the limits of acting mines should ensure the stable development of the Lviv-Volyn Coal Basin.

Keywords

coal seam, commercial coal-bearing potential, perspective coal-bearing areas and plots, lower coal-bearing formation, predicted resources, Lviv-Volyn Coal Basin

Referenses

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Matrofailo, M. (2016). Shchodo metodyky morfolohichnoho analizu vuhilnykh plastiv Lvivsko-Volynskoho kamianovuhilnoho baseinu. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriia heolohichna, 30, 159–164. [in Ukrainian]

Matrofailo, M. M. (2017). Zastosuvannia morfolohichnoho analizu vuhilnykh plastiv u Lvivsko-Volynskomu baseini. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriia heolohichna, 31, 56–66. [in Ukrainian]

Matrofailo, M. M. (2019a). Morfolohichnyi analiz pokladiv vuhillia Lvivsko-Volynskoho kamianovuhilnoho baseinu. In Zdobutky i perspektyvy rozvytku heolohichnoi nauky v Ukraini: zbirnyk tez naukovoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi 50-richchiu Instytutu heokhimii, mineralohii ta rudoutvorennia imeni M. P. Semenenka (Kyiv, 14–16 travnia 2019 r.) (Vol. 2, pp. 64–66). Kyiv: Instytut heokhimii, mineralohii ta rudoutvorennia imeni M. P. Semenenka NAN Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]

Matrofailo, M. M. (2019b). Osoblyvosti morfolohii vuhilnoho plasta n9 Lvivsko-Volynskoho kamianovuhilnoho baseinu. In Nadrokorystuvannia v Ukraini. Perspektyvy investuvannia: materialy VI Mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii (7–11 zhovtnia 2019 r., Truskavets) (Vol. 1, pp. 315–321). Kyiv: Derzhavna komisiia Ukrainy po zapasakh korysnykh kopalyn. [in Ukrainian]

Matrofailo, M. M., & Korol, M. D. (2019). Osoblyvosti morfolohii i utvorennia vuhilnoho plasta υ03 Kovelskoi vuhlenosnoi ploshchi Lvivsko-Volynskoho kamianovuhilnoho baseinu. Visnyk Lvivskoho universytetu. Seriia heolohichna, 33, 129–142. [in Ukrainian]

Matrofailo, M. M., Reshko, M. Ya., & Kostyk, I. O. (2004). Heoloho-promyslova typizatsiia vuhilnykh plastiv Pivdenno-Zakhidnoho raionu Lvivsko-Volynskoho baseinu. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 3, 85–90. [in Ukrainian]

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Shul’ga, V. F., Kostik, I. E., Matrofailo, M. N., & Korol’, N. D. (2009). O zarozhdenii karbonovoi uglenosnoi formatsii L’vovsko-Volynskogo ugol’nogo basseina. Doklady Natsional’noi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 7, 121–127. [in Russian]

Shulga, V., Kostyk, I., Matrofailo, М., & Korol, M. (2009). Beginnings of the coal formation in Lvov-Volhynian basin. In Geologia formacji węglonośnych Polski: XXVIII Sympozjum naukovo-techniczny (22–23 kwietnia 2009 r.) (pp. 61–68). Kraków: Academia górniczo-hutnicza w Krakowie.

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Shul’ga, V. F., Reshko, M. Ya., Gurei, P. T., Girnyi, E. I., & Lelik, B. I. (1997). Novye dannye ob uglenosnosti yugo-zapada L’vovsko-Volynskogo basseina. Dopovidi Natsionalnoi akademii nauk Ukrainy, 1, 137–141. [in Ukrainian]

Shul’ga, V. F., Zdanovski, A., Zaitseva, L. B., Ivanova, A. V., Ivanina, A. V., Korol’, N. D., Kotasova, A., Kotas, A., Kostik, I. E., Lelik, B. I., Miger, T., Manichev, V. I., Matrofailo, M. N., Ptak, B., Savchuk, V. S., Sedaeva, G. M., & Stepanenko, Ya. G. (2007). Korrelyatsiya karbonovykh uglenosnykh formatsii L’vovsko-Volynskogo i Lyublinskogo basseinov. Kiev: Varta. [in Russian]

Struev, M. I., Isakov, V. I., Shpakova, V. B., Karavaev, V. Ya., Selinnyi, V. I., & Popel’, B. S. (1984). L’vovsko-Volynskii kamennougol’nyi bassein: Geologo-promyshlennyi ocherk. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

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Vyrvich, G. P., Gigashvili, E. P., Dubik, Z. G., Ershov, V. Z., Zhukov, P. P., Luk’yanenko, N. I., Naumenko, L. V., & Petrovskii, Yu. V. (1978). Kamennye ugli L’vovsko-Volynskogo basseina. L’vov: Vishcha shkola. [in Russian]


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DISTRIBUTION OF CHEMICAL ELEMENTS IN PEAT DEPOSITS OF THE LVIV REGION

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 65–72


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 65–72.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.065

Myroslava YAKOVENKO1, Yury KHOKHA2, Oleksandr LYUBCHAK3

1, 2, 3 Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: 1myroslavakoshil@ukr.net; 2khoha_yury@ukr.net; 3lubchak1973@ukr.net

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study and interpretation of the content of chemical elements in peats of Lviv Region. It is known that peat has a pronounced ability to physical sorption and chemisorption, as a result it is able to accumulate a significant amount of metals, including dangerous – heavy, toxic and radioactive. Peat is used as an energy raw material, in recent years – as a raw material for the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Thus, this geochemical research have scientific and applied importance for a wide range of industries and for environmental monitoring. The range of peat applications directly depends on the concentration of trace elements. The basic geochemical characteristics of peat lowland type in Lviv Region was found out. In general, the content of elements in the studied peat has concentrations lower than сlarkes in comparison with the lithosphere, soils and terrestrial plants. Lithophilic Sr, Yb, Be, Ba, siderophilic Mo, Co, and chalcophilic Pb, Ag are actively concentrated in comparison with clarkes in the lithosphere, soils, plant ashes and relative to background values in the soils of Ukraine. According to the results of a comprehensive analysis of the content of microelements in lowland peats of Lviv Region, three elements with high concentration were identified – Molybdenum, Strontium and Lead.Significant uneven distribution of microelement concentration with depth and area of distribution and high indicators of Mo, Yb, Sr, Be, Co, Ag, Ba, Pb relative to clarkes of lithosphere, soils, plant ash, etc. have been established. Comparison of patterns of accumulation and scattering of elements in peat with lithosphere, soils and terrestrial plants shows that peat is characterized by its own specific set of storage elements, there are specific patterns of accumulation and scattering of elements. Thus, peat has a clear geochemical structure that distinguishes them from mineral soils and lithosphere.

Keywords

peat, microelement composition, concentration, clark concentration, accumulation

Referenses

Biletskyi, V. S. (2004). Mala hirnycha entsyklopediia (Vol. 1–3). Donetsk: Donbas. [in Ukrainian]

Bowen, H. J. M. (1979). Environment Chemistry of the Elements. London; New-York; Toronto; Sydney; San Francisco: Academic Press.

Bradys, Ye. M. (1973). Torfovo-bolotnyi fond URSR, yoho raionuvannia ta vykorystannia. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Galenko, V. G., Semchuk, S. A., & Ekimova, N. A. (1974). Otchet po teme “Sostavlenie geologo-ekonomicheskikh obzorov po osnovnym torfodobyvayushchim oblastyam USSR” (L’vovskaya oblast’). L’vov: Fondy DP “Zakhidukrheolohiia”. [in Russian]

Klos, V. R., Birke, M., Zhovynskyi, E. Ya., Akinfiiev, H. O., Amaiyukeli, Yu. A., & Klamens, R. (2012). Rehionalni heokhimichni doslidzhennia gruntiv Ukrainy v ramkakh mizhnarodnoho proektu z heokhimichnoho kartuvannia silskohospodarskykh ta pasovyshchnykh zemel Yevropy (GEMAS). Poshukova ta ekolohichna heokhimiia, 1, 51–66. [in Ukrainian]

Kreshtapova, V. N. (1974). Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po otsenke soderzhaniya mikroelementov v torfyanykh mestorozhdeniyakh evropeiskoi chasti RSFSR. Moskva: Izd-vo Mingeo RSFSR. [in Russian]

Tyuremnov, S. N. (1976). Torfyanye mestorozhdeniya. Moskva: Nedra. [in Russian]

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Yakovenko, M. B., Khokha, Yu. V., & Liubchak, O. V. (2020). Rozpodil molibdenu v nyzynnykh torfakh Lvivskoi oblasti. In Resursy pryrodnykh vod Karpatskoho perionu (Problemy okhorony ta ratsionalnoho vykorystannia): zbirnyk naukovykh statei XIKh mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii (Lviv, 8–9 zhovtnia 2020 r.) (pp. 210–214). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Yakovenko, M. B., Khokha, Yu. V., & Liubchak, O. V. (2019). Rozpodil Svyntsiu v nyzynnykh torfakh Lvivskoi oblasti. In Resursy pryrodnykh vod Karpatskoho perionu (Problemy okhorony ta ratsionalnoho vykorystannia): zbirnyk naukovykh statei XVIII mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii (Lviv, 26–27 travnia 2019 r.) (pp. 263–265). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Yakovenko, M. B., Khokha, Yu. V., & Lukʼianchuk, D. V. (2015a). Mikrokomponentnyi sklad torfiv Lvivskoi oblasti. In Novitni problemy heolohii: materialy naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi 100-richchiu vid dnia narodzhennia V. P. Makrydina (Kharkiv, 21–23 travnia 2015 r.) (pp. 175–176). Kharkiv. [in Ukrainian]

Yakovenko, M. B., Khokha, Yu. V., & Lukʼianchuk, D. V. (2015b). Nakopychennia mikroelementiv u nyzynnykh torfakh Lvivskoi oblasti. In Fundamentalne znachennia i prykladna rol heolohichnoi osvity i nauky: materialy mizhnarodnoi naukovoi konferentsii, prysviachenoi 70-richchiu heolohichnoho fakultetu Lvivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Ivana Franka (Lviv, 7–9 zhovtnia 2015 r.) (pp. 238–239). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]


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BIOSTRATIGRAPHY OF PALEOCENE-EOCENE DEPOSITS OF THE UKRAINIAN CARPATHIANS BASED ON PLANKTONIC FORAMINIFERA

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 56–64


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 56–64.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.056

Svitlana HNYLKO

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

Paleogene deposits are the main reservoir of hydrocarbon resources in the Carpathians and creation of the modern stratigraphic scheme of these deposits is the basis for improving the efficiency of geological search works. The reliable stratification is a necessary precondition for the preparation of geological maps. Stratification of the Paleocene–Eocene sediments is provided by foraminifera, nannoplankton, dinocysts, radiolarians, sponge spicules, palynoflora. Planktonic foraminifera is the main stratigraphic group of the Paleogene fauna.

In the predominantly non-calcareous flysch of the Paleocene–Eocene of the Carpathians, mainly agglutinated benthic foraminifera of siliceous composition are developed. Planktonic foraminifera are distributed locally – in calcareous facies. The most complete sequence of Paleocene–Eocene planktonic foraminifera is represented in the Metova Formation (the Vezhany nappe of the Inner Carpathians).

The results of own researches of natural sections of sediments distributed within the Magursky, Monastyretsky and Vezhany nappes of the Ukrainian Carpathians together with the analysis of literature sources are used.

The article presents a generalized biozonal division of the Paleocene–Eocene of the Ukrainian Carpathians by planktonic foraminifera. On the basis of certain correlation levels, a comparison with the Geological Time Scale was made.

The Parvularugoglobigerina eugubina Zone (lowermost Danian), Globoconusa daubjergensis Zone (middle Danian), Praemurica inconstans Zone (upper Danian); Morozovella angulata Zone (lower Selandian); Globanomalina pseudomenardii Zone fnd Acarinina acarinata Zone (upper Selandian–Thanetian); Morozovella subbotinae Zone (lower Ypresian), Morozovella aragonensis Zone (upper Ypresian); Acarinina bullbrooki Zone (lower Lutetian), Acarinina rotundimarginata Zone (upper Lutetian); Hantkenina alabamensis Zone (Bartonian); Globigerinatheka tropicalis Zone (lower Priabonian) and Subbotina corpulenta Zone (upper Priabonian) based on planktonic foraminifera are characterized in studied deposits.

Keywords

Ukrainian Carpathians, planktonic foraminifera, biostratigraphy, Paleocene–Eocene

Referenses

Andreeva-Grigorovich, A. S., Gruzman, A. D., Lozynyak, P. Yu., & Smirnov, S. E. (1987). Opornye razrezy pogranichnykh sloev eotsena i oligotsena Duklyanskoi i Marmaroshskoi zon. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 24, 33–38. [in Russian]

Andreeva-Grigorovich, A. S., Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., Gruzman, A. D., Dabagyan, N. V., Danysh, V. V., Ivanik, M. M., Kul’chitskii, Ya. O., Lozynyak, P. Yu., Maslun, N. V., Petrashkevich, M. I., Ponomareva, L. D., Portnyagina, L. A., Smirnov, S. E., & Sovchik, Ya. V. (1984). Obyasnitelnaya zapiska k regionalnoi stratigraficheskoi skheme paleogenovykh otlozhenii Ukrainskikh Karpat [Preprint № 84-19]. Kiev: Institut geologicheskikh nauk AN USSR. [in Russian]

Andreyeva-Grigorovich, A. S. (1999). Biostratigraphic correlations of the paleogene deposits of the Ukrainian Carpathians and Crimea-Bakhchisarai area using nannoplankton and dinocysts. Geologica Carpathica, 50, 10–12.

Bugrova, E. M. (Ed.). (2005). Prakticheskoe rukovodstvo po mikrofaune: Vol. 8. Foraminifery kainozoya. Sankt-Peterburg: VSEGEI. [in Russian]

Dabagyan, N. V., Kruglov, S. S., & Smirnov, S. E. (1965). Litologiya i stratigrafiya melovogo i paleogenovogo chekhla zony Zakarpatskikh utesov. Trudy UkrNIIGRI, 14, 78–86. [in Russian]

Dabagyan, N. V., Kul’chitskii, Ya. O., Kuzovenko, V. V., & Shlapinskii, V. E. (1987). Opornye razrezy pogranichnykh sloev verkhov eotsena – nizov oligotsena yuzhnoi chasti Skibovoi, Krosnenskoi i Chernogorskoi zon. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 24, 27–33. [in Russian]

Danysh, V. V., & Ponomareva, L. D. (1989). Sopostavlenie razrezov paleogena Duklyanskoi zony Vostochnykh i Zapadnykh Karpat. In Geologiya Sovetskikh Karpat (pp. 57–65). Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Fusan, O. (Ed.). (1983). Stratigraficky slovnik Zapadnych Karpat (T. 1). Bratislava.

Gradstein, F. M., Ogg, J. G., Schmitz, M. D., & Ogg, G. (Eds.). (2012). The Geologic Time Scale 2012. Boston, USA: Elsevier.

Gruzman, A. D., & Dabagyan, N. V. (1979). Zonal’naya stratigrafiya po planktonnym foraminiferam paleotsena i eotsena yuzhnogo sklona Ukrainskikh Karpat. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 16, 30–34. [in Russian]

Hnylko, S. R. (2015). Stratyhrafiia za foraminiferamy paleotsenovo-eotsenovykh vidkladiv vnutrishnikh flishevykh pokryviv Zovnishnikh Ukrainskykh Karpat. Heolohichnyi zhurnal, 3, 87–100. https://doi.org/10.30836/igs.1025-6814.2015.3.139291 [in Ukrainian]

Hnylko, S. R. (2017). Foraminifery i stratyhrafiia paleotsen-eotsenovykh vidkladiv Ukrainskykh Karpat [Extended abstract of сandidateʼs thesis]. Instytut heolohichnykh nauk NAN Ukrainy. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Hnylko, S., & Hnylko, O. (2016). Foraminiferal stratigraphy and palaeobathymetry of Paleocene-lowermost Oligocene deposits (Vezhany and Monastyrets nappes, Ukrainian Carpathians). Geological Quarterly, 60(1), 75–103. https://doi.org/10.7306/gq.1247

Hnylko, S. R., & Hnylko, O. M. (2013). Stratyhrafiia, biozonalnyi podil za foraminiferamy ta umovy nakopychennia paleotsen-eotsenovykh vidkladiv Vezhanskoho pokryvu Vnutrishnikh Karpat. Zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu heolohichnykh nauk NAN Ukrainy, 6(1), 90–97. https://doi.org/10.30836/igs.2522-9753.2013.147156 [in Ukrainian]

Maslun, N. V., Mintuzova, L. G., & Hnylko, S. R. (2015). Detailed stratification and correlation of Foraminifera Paleogene deposits of Ukraine. Geological Journal, 4, 31–48. https://doi.org/10.30836/igs.1025-6814.2015.4.138833

Myatlyuk, E. V. (1970). Foraminifery flishevykh otlozhenii Vostochnykh Karpat (mel–paleogen). Leningrad: Nedra. [in Russian]

Olsson, R. K., Hemleben, Ch., Berggren, W. A., & Huber, B. T. (Eds.). (1999). Atlas of Paleocene Planktonic Foraminifera. Smithsonian contributions to paleobiology, 85. https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810266.85.1

Pearson, P. N., Olsson, K. R., Huber, B. T., Hemleben, Ch., & Berggren, W. A. (Eds.). (2006). Atlas of Eocene planktonic foraminifera. Cushman Foundation Special Publication, 41.

Vashchenko, V. A., Ageev, V. A., Shlapinskii, V. E., Tsarnenko, P. N., Dabagyan, N. V., Buzyak, I. P., Khil’chenko, N. M., & Shcherbak, A. A. (1985). Otchet po gruppovoi geologicheskoi s”emke masshtaba 1 : 50 000 territorii listov M–35–133–A, B; M–35–134–A, B, V Ivano-Frankovskoi i Zakarpatskoi oblastei USSR za 1981–1985 gg. (№ 2979/1). L’vov. [in Russian]

Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., Danysh, V. V., Lemishko, O. D., Leshchukh, R. I., Ponomareva, L. D., Romaniv, A. M., Smirnov, S. E., Smolinskaya, N. I., & Tsarnenko, P. N. (1988). Stratotipy melovykh i paleogenovykh otlozhenii Ukrainskikh Karpat. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., Danysh, V. V., Leshchukh, R. I., Ponomareva, L. D., Romaniv, A. M., Tsarnenko, P. N., & Tsizh, I. T. (1981). Istoriya geologicheskogo razvitiya Ukrainskikh Karpat. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., Danysh, V. V., & Smirnov, S. E. (1987). Opornye pogranichnye razrezy eotsena i oligotsena severnogo sklona Ukrainskikh Karpat. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 24, 20–27. [in Russian]

Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., & Ponomareva, L. D. (1987). Opornye razrezy pogranichnykh otlozhenii eotsena i oligotsena Vnutrennei zony Predkarpatskogo progiba. Paleontologicheskii sbornik, 24, 12–20. [in Russian]


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FACIAL FEATURES OF THE PALEOCENE-EOCENE DEPOSITS OF ADVANCED UNITS OF THE SKYBA ZONE OF UKRAINIAN CARPATHIANS

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 44–55


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 44–55.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.044

Halyna HAVRYSHKIV1, Yuliya HAIEVSKA2

1, 2 Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: 1galinah2404@gmail.com; 2yuhaievska@ukr.net

Abstract

There three main types of facies of Paleocene-Eocene complexes: sandy, siltstone and argillite distinguished within the study area by the nature of the distribution of the strata of the forming components were highlighted. Тhey accumulated avalanche at the foot of the continental slope and formed various facial parts of the foehn (Upper, Middle and Lower foehn). In the upper part of the Foehn was accumulated coarse-grained sediments (clusters of deep boulders and other psephyto-psammitic material containing edaphogenic rocks). Under the action of geostrophic and bottom currents, silt streams of pelitic and psammitic material moved in the direction to the south and south-east of the Carpathian sedimentation basin, forming sandy-clay and clay facies (Middle and Lower foehn). During the turbidite movement of a large amount of sediment from the first (shelf) to the second (foot of the continental slope) level of avalanche sedimentation, sorting and distribution of sediments on the continental slope took place. Based on the analysis of the material composition of Paleocene-Eocene sediments of the study area by such criteria as the size of the fragment, sedimentary textures and the ratio of different rocks, 7 facies were identified, which were deposited as gravitational flows down on the continental slope. Reconstructions of Paleocene-Eocene age flysch deposits showed that terrigene material in the studied sedimentation basin came from two sources – one of which was northwest of the study area and was characterized by a predominance of coarse-grained sandy sediments, while the source wear, which was in the central part of the studied basin was characterized by a predominance of clay silt and fine-grained psammitic material. This nature of the distribution of terrigenous material had a decisive influence on the further formation of Paleocene end Eocene sedimentary strata in the process of sedimentogenesis and post-sedimentary transformations of sediments, and on the formation of reservoir rocks and rocks with potential reservoir properties for hydrocarbon exploration. It has been established that the composition of the Psamitolites of the flysch formation of the Paleocene and Eocene ages of the Carpathians was formed on the passive continental margin or in the inland and boundary seas, and their genesis mostly corresponds only to the platform source of material wear.

Keywords

Paleocene, Eocene, facies, sandstone, flysch, continental slope, sedimentation

Referenses

Afanas’eva, I. M. (1983). Litogenez i geokhimiya flishevoi formatsii severnogo sklona Sovetskikh Karpat. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Haievska, Yu. P., & Popp, I. T. (2008). Litoloho-fatsialna minlyvist serednoeotsenovykh vidkladiv Ukrainskykh Karpat. In P. F. Hozhyk (Ed.), Suchasni problemy litolohii ta minerahenii osadovykh baseiniv Ukrainy ta sumizhnykh terytorii (pp. 70–74). Kyiv: LOHOS. [in Ukrainian]

Havryshkiv, H. Ya. (2019). Mineraloho-petrohrafichni osoblyvosti paleotsenovykh vidkladiv Berehovoi i Orivskoi skyb Ukrainskykh Karpat v aspekti yikh naftohazonosnosti [Extended abstract of sandidateʼs thesis]. Instytut heolohii i heokhimii horiuchykh kopalyn NAN Ukrainy. Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Ivanik, M. M., & Maslun, N. V. (1977). Kremnistye mikroorganizmy i ikh ispol’zovanie dlya raschleneniya paleogenovykh otlozhenii Predkarpat’ya. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Kaz’min, V. G. (1989). Kollizii i riftogenez v istorii okeana Tetis. Geotektonika, 5, 14–23. [in Russian]

Khain, V. E. (2000). Krupnomasshtabnaya tsiklichnost’ v tektonicheskoi istorii Zemli i ee vozmozhnye prichiny. Geotektonika, 6, 3–14. [in Russian]

Lisitsyn, A. P. (1988). Lavinnaya sedimentatsiya i pereryvy v osadkonakoplenii v moryakh i okeanakh. Moskva: Nauka. [in Russian]

Pilipchuk, A. S., & Reifman, L. M. (1984). Otlozheniya pastoobraznykh potokov v Karpatskom flishe (popel’skaya svita). Osadochnye porody i rudy. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Pilipchuk, A. S., & Vul’, M. A. (1981). Paleotsen-eotsenovyi flish Severnogo sklona Ukrainskikh Karpat – otlozheniya drevnikh morskikh glubokovodnykh konusov vynosa. In Geologiya neftegazonosnykh plastovykh rezervuarov (pp. 33–42). Moskva. [in Russian]

Senkovskyi, Yu. M., Hryhorchuk, K. H., Koltun, Yu. V., Hnidets, V. P., Radkovets, N. Ya., Popp, I. T., Moroz, M. V., Moroz, P. V., Rever, A. O., Haievska, Yu. P., Havryshkiv, H. Ya., Kokhan, O. M., & Koshil, L. B. (2018). Litohenez osadovykh kompleksiv okeanu Tetys. Karpato-Chornomorskyi sehment. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]

Shlapinskyi, V. Ye. (2015). Heolohichna budova Skybovoho, Krosnenskoho i Dukliansko-Chornohorskoho pokryviv Ukrainskykh Karpat ta perspektyvy yikh naftohazonosnosti [Extended abstract of sandidateʼs thesis]. Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Shlapinskyi, V., Kuzovenko, V., Krupskyi, Yu., & Kharchenko, M. (2006). Perspektyvy poshukiv pokladiv vuhlevodniv u Skybovii zoni Karpat. In Problemy heolohii ta naftohazonosnosti Karpat: tezy dopovidei (pp. 239–241). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Shvanov, V. N. (1982). Opyt klassifikatsii osadochnykh formatsii po veshchestvennym (litomologicheskim) priznakam. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 24, 43–52. [in Russian]

Varban, B., Derer, C., Anastasiu, N., Roban, R., & Popa, M. (2001). Architecture of turbidite systems as revealed by the East Carpathians Paleogene sequences (“Tarceu formation” – siriu, Romania). St. cerc. geologie, 46, 19–37.

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Vyalov, O. S., Gavura, S. P., Danysh, V. V., Leshchukh, R. I., Ponomareva, L. D., Romaniv, A. M., Smirnov, S. S., Tsarnenko, P. N., Lemishko, O. D., & Tsizh, I. T. (1988). Stratotipy melovykh i paleogenovykh otlozhenii Ukrainskikh Karpat. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Zonenshain, L. P. (1983). Glubokovodnye otlozheniya na kontinentakh. In Spravochnik po litologii (pp. 426–429). Moskva: Nedra. [in Russian]

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PETROPHYSICAL MODELS OF DEPOSITS OF THE MENILITE SUITE OF THE OLIGOCENE FLYSH OF THE CARPATHIANS AND THE PRECARPATHIAN DEEP

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 33–43


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 33–43.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.033

Ihor KUROVETS, Ihor HRYTSYK, Oleksandr PRYKHODKO, Pavlo CHEPUSENKO, Zoryana KUCHER, Stepan MYKHALCHUK, Svitlana MELNYCHUK, Yulia LYSAK, Lyudmyla PETELKO

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: i.kurovets@gmail.com

Abstract

Petrophysical and collecting properties of the reservoir rocks of low-porous, low-permeable deposits of the Menilite suite of the Oligocene flysh of the Carpathians and the Precarpathian deep were studied as well as their interconnections and interactions under normal conditions and in conditions that simulated the formation conditions, and their typical geological-geophysical cross-sections were constructed.

Creation of identical petrophysical models of reservoir rocks was based on the system integrated approach with which the reservoir rock is considered as a system formed in the geological time and consists of interconnected and interacted elements. Petrophysical investigation of the reservoir rocks as the system includes the studies of the characteristics of their elements, the character of interconnections between them taking the conditions of their occurrence into consideration.

On the basis of statistical processing and analysis of the results of laboratory studies of core material, the parametric petrophysical models of “core-core”-type were constructed: statistical dependences between porosity factor, permeability factor, water-saturation, specific weight, parameter of porosity, interval time for arriving acoustic waves and parameter of oil-saturation for atmospheric conditions and effective pressures being comparable to formational ones. Using the method of basic components of factor analysis it was possible to study the influence of geological factors upon geophysical parameters of the reservoir rocks in terrigenous sections and the informative value of geophysical methods while singling-out producing seams in the geological section.

Oil- and gas-saturation of the reservoir rocks, their mineralogical composition and porosity of the reservoir rocks have the most influence on the indications of geophysical methods in the boreholes, somewhat lesser: a depth of their occurrence and the thickness of the seams. Producing and water-bearing beds differ in the value of electrical resistance most of all. The influence of lithogeodynamic factors upon the collecting and physical properties of the reservoir rocks was studied. The main geological factors that determine collecting parameters of terrigenous rocks and their physical properties are the following: a mineral composition, a shape, a size of fragmental grains and pores and their mutual position, a type of fluid-saturation, a rate of catagenetic transformations and a thermodynamic state.

Keywords

Precarpathian deep, Menilite suite, petrophysical models, low-porous, low-permeable deposits

Referenses

Artym, I. V., Kurovets, S. S., Zderka, T. V., Yarema, A. V., & Kurovets, I. M. (2019). Development of the rocks fracturing model on the Carpathian region example. In 18th International Conference on Geoinformatics − Theoretical and Applied Aspects (Kyiv, May 2019) (pp. 1–5). European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers. https://doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.201902064

Ivaniuta, M. M. (Ed.). (1998). Atlas rodovyshch nafty i hazu Ukrainy (Vol. 4). Lviv: Tsentr Yevropy. [in Ukrainian]

Krupskyi, Yu. Z. (2001). Heodynamichni formuvannia i naftohazonosnist Karpatskoho ta Volyno-Podilskoho rehioniv Ukrainy. Kyiv: UkrDHRI. [in Ukrainian]

Krupskyi, Yu. Z., Kurovets, I. M., Senkovskyi, Yu. M., Mykhailov, V. A., Chepil, P. M., Dryhant, D. M., Shlapinskyi, V. Ye., Koltun, Yu. V., Chepil, V. P., Kurovets, S. S., & Bodlak, V. P. (2014). Netradytsiini dzherela vuhlevodniv Ukrainy: Vol. 2. Zakhidnyi naftohazonosnyi rehion. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr. [in Ukrainian]

Kurovets, I. M., Mykhailov, V. A., Zeikan, O. Yu., Krupskyi, Yu. Z., Hladun, V. V., Chepil, P. M., Hulii, V. M., Kurovets, S. S., Kasianchuk, S. V., Hrytsyk, I. I., & Naumko, I. M. (2014). Netradytsiini dzherela vuhlevodniv Ukrainy: Vol. 1. Netradytsiini dzherela vuhlevodniv: ohliad problemy. Kyiv: Nika-Tsentr. [in Ukrainian]

Kurovets, I., Prykhodko, O., Hrytsyk, I., & Chepil, P. (2017). Teoretyko-eksperymentalni zasady diahnostyky netradytsiinykh pokladiv vuhlevodniv za petrofizychnymy kryteriiamy. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1–2(170–171), 82–84. [in Ukrainian]

Kurovets, I., Prytulka, H., Sheremeta, O., Zubko, O., Osadchyi, V., Hrytsyk, I., Prykhodko, O., Kosianenko, H., Chepusenko, P., Shyra, A., Kucher, Z., & Oliinyk, K. (2006). Petrofizychni modeli skladnopobudovanykh kolektoriv vuhlevodniv. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 3–4, 119–139. [in Ukrainian]

Kurovets, S. S., Artym, I. V., & Kurovets, I. M. (2018). Researching the fracturing of the reservoir rocks. Journal of Hydrocarbon Power Engineering, 5(1), 1–6.

Naumko, I. M., Kurovets’, I. M., Zubyk, M. I., Batsevych, N. V., Sakhno, B. E., & Chepusenko, P. S. (2017). Hydrocarbon compounds and plausible mechanism of gas generation in “shale” gas prospective Silurian deposits of Lviv Paleozoic depression. Geodynamics, 1(22), 26–41. https://doi.org/10.23939/jgd2017.01.036

Polivtsev, A. V., & Bulmasov, V. A. (1984). Radiogeokhimicheskaya kharakteristika osadochnykh porod Vnutrennei zony Predkarpatskogo progiba. In Geofizicheskie issledovaniya neftegazonosnykh provintsii Ukrainy (pp. 131–139). Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]


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PROSPECTS FOR OIL AND GAS PRESENCE OF LOWER SARMATIAN DEPOSITS IN THE NORTH-WESTERN PART OF THE OUTER ZONE OF THE CARPATHIAN FOREDEEP (by hydrogeochemical and hydrodynamic indicators)

Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 16–32


Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 16–32.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.03-04.016

Halyna MEDVID, Olga TELEGUZ, Vasyl HARASYMCHUK, Maria KOST’, Solomiya KALMUK

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

The hydrogeochemical parameters of the Lower Sarmatian aquifer of the north-western part of the Outer Zone of the Carpathian Foredeep have been studied. The waters of the chloride-calcium type (according to the classification of V. O. Sulin) are dominated. Other types of water are distributed locally. On the basis of the calculated genetic coefficients, the conclusion on sedimentogenic conditions of their forming during a geological history of the region is made.

It is established that the general tendency for the deposits of the Outer Zone is increasing of TDS of water with depth and stratigraphy. The waters of the north-western part of the Outer Zone are characterized by reduced values of sulfate content and sulfation coefficient rSO42– · 100/rCl, indicating the conditions of hydrogeological closed structures.

The genetic index of formation water metamorphism (rNa+/rCl) is mainly inversely dependent on TDS. Its values greater than one are inherent in waters of hydrocarbonate-sodium and sulfate-sodium types, which are not typical for the hydrocarbon deposits. The nature of fluctuations in the values of the chlorine-bromine coefficient is fully consistent with other hydrochemical parameters and the results of paleohydrodynamic reconstructions.

A detailed analysis of the current hydrodynamic situation of Lower Sarmatian aquifer in combination with geochemical features and paleohydrodynamic reconstructions allowed to identify the perspective structures of the studying region. Our forecasts for the gas potential of the Krukenychy depression are consistent with the forecasts of researchers of Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas. The results of their research are based on gravitational field anomalies.

Keywords

hydrogeological criteria, hydrogeochemical features, hydrocarbons, Outer Zone, Carpathian Foredeep

Referenses

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Harasymchuk, V., Medvid, H., Kost, M., & Telehuz, O. (2019). Paleo- ta suchasni hidroheolohichni umovy Bilche-Volytskoi zony Karpatskoi naftohazonosnoi provintsii. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 2(179), 68–83. https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2019.02.068 [in Ukrainian]

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THE FORMATION AND CRITERIA OF OIL- AND GAS-BEARING POTENTIAL OF HYDROCARBON ACCUMULATIONS OF THE WESTERN OIL-GAS REGION OF UKRAINE

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Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 1–2 (183–184) 2021, 14–44.

https://doi.org/10.15407/ggcm2021.01-02.014

Myroslav PAVLYUK, Yaroslav LAZARUK, Volodymyr SHLAPINSKY, Olesya SAVCHAK, Ivanna KOLODIY, Myroslav TERNAVSKY, Halyna HRYVNIAK, Lyubov HUZARSKA, Natalia KOVALCHUK

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

In the paper we have analysed hydrocarbon deposits of the Western region according to their belonging to the tectonic zones, stratigraphic complexes, types and depths of occurrence. The law-governed nature of alteration in physical-chemical properties of oil and gas, hydrogeological and geochemical peculiarities of productive thickness were studied, haloes of the distribution of gas of hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon composition outcrops of fluids were mapped. Problems of the formation of hydrocarbon accumulations were considered. According to the results of integrated analysis of different geological factors, besides the main factors of oil and gas presence – structure, reservoir, cover – additional criteria were proposed. In the direction to the deposit, the nitric-methane gases are changed into sufficiently methane and hydrocarbon-methane ones, and values of saturation pressure are comparable to the formation pressure. Indication of oil-gas presence are water-soluble organic matters of oil origin: bitumen, phenols, hydrocarbons, naphthenic acids as well as the presence of condensation waters or their mixture with formational waters. Probable indicators of hydrocarbon accumulations are sulfides of zinc, lead, copper in rocks. For the existence of the deposits the hydrogeological closing of the bowels is necessary: small velocities of the formational waters, their high mineralization, metamorphism intensity, chlorine-calcium type of waters. Natural oil-gas showings as a reflection of deposits that occur at a depth serve as criterion for estimation of prospects of the oil-gas presence in the open territories. The example of substation of prospecting objects is given according to criteria of the oil-gas presence in the platform autochthone under the overthrust of Pokuttia-Bukovyna Carpathians.

Keywords

oil, gas, criteria of oil-gas presence, formation of fields, indications of oil-gas presence

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