Home > Archive > No. 4 (181) 2019 > 32-44
Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 4 (181) 2019, 32-44.
Оleksiy BARTASHCHUKUkrainian Research Institute of Natural Gases, Kharkov,
The second article is devoted to the investigation of the natural mechanisms of tectonic inversion of the Dnieper-Donets depression. Using the materials of geological mapping of the territory of the West-Donetsk graben, structural proofs of the destruction of the riftogenic structure by collision tectonic movements of Hercinian and Alpic tectogenesis were obtained. The consequence of the inversion deformations is the formation of the West Donets cover-folding tectonic region within the Lugansk-Komyshuvasky tectonic area of the uplift-folding and the Kalmius-Toretsky region of the scalloped thrust covers, which are divided by the Main anticline.
For the diagnosis of kinematic mechanisms of tectonic inversion, the data of reconstruction of tectonic stress fields and quantitative modeling of deformations of the southern outskirts of the Eastern European Platform were used. It is assumed that the tectonic inversion of the Dnieper-Donets basin began in the Zaal and Pfalz phases of orogenesis due to the collision motions of the compression orogen at the outskirts of Paleotetis. The formation of linear folding occurred in the uplifting-thrust mode in the field of stresses of the oblique left-hand compression of the sub-meridional directions. The kinematic mechanism of the folded deformations determined the longitudinal bending of the layers due to the extrusion of sedimentary geomas from the zone of maximum compression in the axial part to the zones of “geodynamic shadow” – in the direction of the sides of the depression.
In the late Mesozoic and Cenozoic, uplifting-thrust and strike-slip stresses formed echeloned cover-thrust and coulisse-jointed uplift-folded structural paragenesis. According to the results of tectonophysical diagnostics of deformation structures, it was found that under geodynamic conditions of clustering of compression axes in the central part of the West-Donets graben against the reduction of the geological space horizontally and extension of the section due to the formation of the cover-folded allochthon, there were flexural deformations of the primary linear Hercinian folded forms.
Such data can be considered as a kinematic mechanism of tectonic inversion of the invasion of the “tectonic stamp” by the Donets folded structure. Under its influence, the wedge-shaped segment of the tectonic thrust, which was diagnosed by the orcline of the transverse extension of the shallow type, was formed by the repeatedly deposited folds of sedimentary geomas in the articulation zone between the depression and the folded structure. In the front of the thrusted were formed folded zones of extrusion of geomas, which consist of coulisse-jointed uplift-anticlines and folded plates-coverings of tectonic thrusted. At the apex of the orocline, at the end of the dynamically coupled main thrusts, an advanced tectonic fan of compression is formed. In the rearward of the oraclline formed sutures – the roots of folded cover.
tectonic inversion, kinematic mechanism of deformation, plates-coverings of thethrusted, uplift-folds, orocline of lateral extension.
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