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GEOLOGICAL-PETROPHYSICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF SILURIAN DEPOSITS OF THE VOLYN-PODILLYA EDGE OF THE EAST-EUROPEAN PLATFORM

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Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 4, (181) 2019, 17-31.

цифровий ідентифікатор DOI цієї статті

lIhor Kurovets, Yulia Lysak, Pavlo Chepusenko, Stepan Mykhalchuk, Roman-Danylo Kucher

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv,
e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

Taking into consideration well logging of the Silurian deposits of the Volyn-Podillya plate, the materials of laboratory investigations of petrophysical parameters of reservoir rocks were analyzed and systematized.

Studied were capacity-filtration properties of reservoir rocks as well as their lithological-petrographical and structural-textural features. An analysis of the distribution of petrophysical parameters of the Silurian deposits of the Volyn-Podillya plate was executed by the methods of mathematic statistics. Main statistics and correlation coefficients between individual parameters were calculated, histograms of the distribution of the porosity factor Kpor and the permeability factor Kper, volumetric weight δ and carbonation C in rocks were compiled, regression equations between parameters and their alteration with depth were formed. Petrophysical parameters of the samples available for carbonate and terrigenous rocks of Silurian were analyzed separately.

Executed investigations of petrophysical properties of rocks testify that in the Silurian deposits the carbonate reservoirs with the complex structure of the porous space were distributed. A visible alteration of capacity-filtration parameters of rocks of Silurian deposits is observed with depth. Porosity of rocks decreases with depth, but permeability increases that is a confirmation of the formation of the secondary fractured-covernous porosity. Increase in the permeability factor with depth is characteristic of carbonate rocks.

According to geological-geophysical data available, the reservoir rocks with better capacity-filtration properties are distributed in the zone of the barrier reef. The best reservoir parameters are characteristic of cavernous dolomites and limestones at the Lokachy area and in the region of Lutsk. Reservoir rocks of porous type are practically absent at depths over 2500 m. Here a significant role in improving of collecting properties of rocks belongs to their fracturing. Microfractures are observed in clayed limestones, marls and clay rocks. Under favourable geodynamic conditions the subvertical zones of disconsolidation occur in which composite reservoir rocks with  fracture porosity may be formed.

Keywords

reservoir parameters, Silurian deposits, Volyn-Podillya plate, lithological-petrophysical parameters.

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