Posted on

TWO HYPOTHESES – TWO APPROACHES TO SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM OF OIL GENESIS

Home > Archive > No. 1-2 (174-175) 2018 > 28-39


index DOI

Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3-4 (176-177) 2018, 28-39.

Orest STUPKA

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

Origin of oil in great quantity took place in the history of the planet only once: in the Neogene, and there was no an analogy during last geological periods. This was connected with Post-Permian destruction of Gondwana. Destruction of this monolith massif, which 2/3 of the Pre-Cambrian sialic crust of Pangea which a thick (500–700 km) lithosphere was concentrated in, has led to formation of riftzones. They were characterized by the occurrence in the inner plate areas without subordination to the boundaries of lithospheric plates and not dependent on interaction between them. These zones have provided a deep drainage of the “initial” nondepleted lover mantle. It was just the lower mantle, but not the depleted upper one, that was a source of fluidal systems saturated with donators of chemical elements which are necessary for the synthesis of oil.

Keywords

inorganic and organic synthesis, mantle, Pangea – 0, 1, 2, 3, Gondwana, Laurasia, rifting, mantle fluid-dynamic systems, depletion.

Referenses

Boiko, H. Yu. (1992). Teoretychni aspekty naftovoi heolohii (suchasnyi stan i shliakhy doslidzhennia). Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1 (78), 4–11. [in Ukrainian]

Chekalyuk, E. B. (1978). Teoriya mineral’nogo proiskhozhdeniya nefti. In Proiskhozhdenie i migratsiya nefti i gaza (s. 14–23). Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]

Dmitrievskii, A. N., & Valyaev, B. M. (Eds.) (2006). Genezis uglevodorodnykh flyuidov i mestorozhdenii. Moskva: GEOS. [in Russian]

Glukhovskii, M. Z., Moralev, V. M., & Kuz’min M. I. (1994). Goryachii poyas rannei Zemli i ego evolyutsiya. Geotektonika, 5, 3–15. [in Russian]

Khain, V. E. (2000). Krupnomasshtabnaya tsiklichnost’ v tektonicheskoi istorii Zemli i ee vozmozhnye prichiny. Geotektonika, 6, 3–14. [in Russian]

Khain, V. E., & Bozhko, N. A. (1988). Istoricheskaya geotektonika. Dokembrii. Moskva: Nedra. [in Russian]

Kontorovich, A. E. (1998). Osadochno-migratsionnaya teoriya naftidogeneza: sostoyanie na rubezhe XX i XXI vv., puti dal’neishego razvitiya. Geologiya nefti i gaza, 10, 8–16. [in Russian]

Levin, L. E. (2006). Stroenie termicheskoi litosfery i astenosfery v okeanakh i na kontinentakh. Geotektonika, 5, 39–49. [in Russian]

Lobkovskii, L. I., Nikishin, A. M., & Khain, V. E. (2004). Sovremennye problemy geotektoniki i geodinamiki. Moskva: Nauchnyi mir. [in Russian]

Lukin, O. Yu., & Pikovskyi, Yu. I. (2004). Pro rol hlybynnykh i nadhlybynnykh fliuidiv u naftohazoutvorenni. Heolohichnyi zhurnal, 2, 21–33. [in Ukrainian]

Porfir’ev, V. B. (1960). O prirode nefti. In Problema proiskhozhdeniya nefti i gaza i usloviya formirovaniya ikh zalezhei (s. 26–41). Moskva: Gostoptekhizdat. [in Russian]

Porfir’ev, V. B. (1980). Geologicheskie aspekty problemy migratsii uglevodorodnykh flyuidov verkhnei mantii. In Degazatsiya Zemli i tektonіka (s. 142–153). Moskva: Nauka. [in Russian]

Porfiriev, V. B. (1968). Do pytannia pro umovy formuvannia promyslovykh naftovykh skupchen. Heolohichnyi zhurnal, 4, 3–31. [in Ukrainian]

Pushcharovskii, Yu. M. (1999). Lineinost’ i nelineinost’ v geologii. Geotektonika, 3, 42–49. [in Russian]

Pushcharovskii, Yu. M., Novikov, V. L., Savel’eva, A. A. et al. (1990). Neodnorodnosti i konvektsiya v tektonosfere. Geotektonika, 5, 3–8. [in Russian]

Pushcharovskii, Yu. M., & Pushcharovskii, D. Yu. (2007). Opyt podkhoda k istorii razvitiya geosfer mantii Zemli. Geotektonika, 1, 6–15. [in Russian]

Rannyaya istoriya Zemli. (1980). Moskva: Mir. [in Russian]

Samoilov, V. S., & Yarmolyuk, V. V. (1992). Kontinental’nyi riftogenez: tipizatsiya, magmatizm, geodinamika. Geotektonika, 1, 3–20. [in Russian]

Stupka, O. S. (2004). Złoża ropy naftowej i gazu w Karpatach Ukraińskich w kontekscie pochodzenia ropy naftowej. In P. Dziadlo & A. Uchman (Eds.), Poszukiwanie węglowodorów jako źródło postępu w rozpoznawaniu budowy geologicznej Karpat, zapadliska przedkarpackiego i ich podłoża: LXXV Zjazd Naukowy Polskego Towarzystwa Geologicznego (Iwonicz Zdrój, 22–25 wrzesnia 2004 r.): Materialy konferencyjne (s. 140). Jasło, Kraków.

Stupka, O. S. (2006). Problema pokhodzhennia nafty: yii bachennia v Karpatskomu rehioni. In Problemy heolohii ta naftohazonosnosti Karpat (s. 218–221). Lviv. [in Ukrainian]

Stupka, O. S. (2009). Henezys nafty – mobilistychnyi aspekt problemy. Heoloh Ukrainy, 4, 84–92. [in Ukrainian]

Yanshin, A. L. (1988). Evolyutsiya geologicheskikh protsescov v istorii Zemli. Leningrad: Nauka. [in Russian]

Yarmolyuk, V. V., Kovalenko, V. I., & Naumov, V. B. (2005). Geodinamika, potoki i retsikling letuchikh komponentov mezhdu mantiei i verkhnimi obolochkami Zemli. Geotektonika, 5, 45–63. [in Russian]