Posted on


Home > Archive > No. 3 (180) 2019 > 90-99

Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3 (180) 2019, 90-99.

цифровий ідентифікатор DOI цієї статті


Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv,


Distribution features of formation waters in Karkinit-Northern Crimean deep were studied; the conditions of chemical composition origin of formation waters have been studied as well.

The regional features for the distribution of formation waters and the conditions of their chemical composition forming of the Lower Cretaceous complex are established.

The formation waters are salty or saline and commonly have low metamorphism intensity.

The formation waters of the Lower Cretaceous complex are salt with often a low degree of metamorphosis.

The values of the variation coefficients of five principal components (mineralization, (Na + K), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), and the water sampling depths) are estimated to range from 28.73 to 57.14 %, which indicates insignificant variability each of these indicators; this characteristic does not depend on the type of water and place of sampling.

The seven objects of the correlation such as mineralization, chlorine, calcium, ammonium, bromine, sulfates and hydrocarbonates are closely associated with each other.

The land waters are commonly of calcium chloride (Cl.Ca) or hydrocarbonate natrium (Hyd.Car.Na) type, whereas in the water area all variety of formation waters has been recognized. Formation waters of Late Cretaceous shelf complex as well as formation waters at Tarkhankut peninsula have close relation between chemical components, low variations in the composition of macro- and microcomponents. Therefore, the formation waters of these regions could be formed in quite similar conditions.

The characteristic features of the shelf formation waters are high sulfate content, despite the fact that waters complex occurs at great depths.

At the same time, a decrease in the metamorphism intensity is observed as well as an increase in the Cl/Br ratio up to 1000 or more, caused by low bromine content. It is apparent that such characteristic can be the result of extrusion of water at the late stages of clay rocks dehydration. Paleoinfiltration processes in Lower Cretaceous complex may be considered as an alternative explanation.

High gas saturation in the waters of the folded basin bed has been recognized at Golytsyno area and at the Tarkhankut peninsula (Melova, Oktyabrska, Berezivska and Western Oktyabrska areas). This allows us to predict the prospects of the Lower Cretaceous sediments of the Karkinit-Northern Crimean deep.


Karkinit-Northern Crimean deep, Lower Cretaceous aquiferous complex, hydrogeochemical conditions, sedimentary waters, dissolved gases.


Albov, S. V. (1956). Gidrogeologiya Kryma [The hydrogeology of the Crimea]. Kiev: Pub. house of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. [in Russian]

Kolodiy, I. V. (1998). Kondensatsiini vody Holytsynskoho rodovyshcha (pivnichno-zakhidnyi shelf Chornoho moria) [The condensation waters of Golytsyno field (north-western shelf of the Black Sea)]. Geology and geochemistry of Combustible minerals, 2 (103), 36–41. [in Ukrainian]

Kolodiy, I. V. (2014). Prohnozuvannia lokalizatsii vuhlevodnevykh skupchen Prychornomorskoho vodonapirnoho baseinu za hidroheokhimichnymy pokaznykamy [Expected localization of hydrocarbon deposits of the Black Sea aquiferous basin based on hydrogeochemical indications]. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, vol. 1128, p. 32–36. [in Ukrainian]

Kolodiy, I. V., & Medvid, G. B. (2018). Hidroheolohichna kharakterystyka nyzhnokreidovoho teryhennoho kompleksu Karkinitsko-Pivnichnokrymskoho prohynu v aspekti naftohazonosnosti [Hydrogeological characteristics of the Lower Cretaceous terrigenous complex of the Karkinit-Northern Crimean Deep in the aspect of its potential for oil and gas presence]. Visnyk of V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, ser. Geology. Geography. Ecology, 49, 59–69. [in Ukrainian]

Kolodiy, V. V. (1971). Pro pokhodzhennia hidrokhimichnykh anomalii na Oktiabrskomu naftovomu ta Zakhidno-Oktiabrskomu hazokondensatnomu rodovyshchakh Krymu [About the occurence of hydrochemical anomalies in Oktyabrske oil and Western Oktyabrske gas-condensate fields of the Crimea]. Geology and geochemistry of Combustible minerals, 27, 16–19. [in Ukrainian]

Kolodiy, V. V., & Sivan, T. P. (1980). Priroda vodonapornykh sistem nizhnemelovykh otlozheniy Kryma i zapadnogo Predkavkazia [Nature of water drive systems of Lower Cretaceous sediments of the Crimea]. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, ser. Geology, 8, 124–132. [in Russian]

Lihomanova, I. N. (1967). Gidrokhimicheskiye pokazateli neftegazonosnosti Ravninnogo Kryma [Hydrochemical indices of oil and gas bearingness of the Plain Crimea]. (Extended abstract of candidateʼs thesis). Kiev. [in Russian]

Shtogrin, O. D., Tedovidov, A. S., & Nechina, S. V. (1973). Heokhimiia pidzemnykh vod Stepovoho Krymu ta yii naftohazoposhukove znachennia [Geochemistry of the formation waters of the Steppe Crimea and their oil and gas significance]. Kiev: Naukova Dumka. [in Ukrainian]