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MINING COMPLEX OF THE LVIV-VOLYN COAL BASIN AND ITS IMPACT ON THE ECOSYSTEM OF THE REGION

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Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3 (180) 2019, 52-59.

цифровий ідентифікатор DOI цієї статті

Andriy POBEREZHSKY, Iryna BUCHYNSKA, Olena SHEVCHUK, Taras MUKAN

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv,
e-mail: igggk@mail.lviv.ua

Abstract

The influence of exploitation and abandonment of coal mines of the mining complex of Lviv-Volyn coal basin on the ecosystem of the region is considered. The main ecological problems of the territory are analyzed. It is established that the high technogenic pollution of the Chervonograd geological and industrial region is facilitated by the inflow of highly polluted drainage waters from the mine heaps and rock waste heaps of the Chervonograd Central Mining Plant into soils, surface, ground and underground waters. The negative impact of the heaps is caused by the high level of fault tectonics and fracturing of the bedrocks, the flat surface of the area. The influence of technogenic objects on the atmospheric air quality is analyzed. The main causes of the atmospheric air pollution are stationary sources of pollution.

Technogenic objects have a significant impact on the quality of the the atmospheric air. The main role in the structure of pollutants belongs to sulphur anhydrite, carbon and nitrogen oxides, dust and soot. The amount of pollutant emissions into the atmospheric air from stationary sources of pollution for Chervonograd and Sokal districts has been analyzed according to the data of the Main Statistics Office in Lviv region.

To prevent further deterioration of the ecological situation, it is recommended to form flat heaps, their reclamation and landscaping with the obligatory covering of the surface with a layer of neutral rocks, to keep measures to prevent burning of heaps. To stabilize the situation and to prevent further contamination of soil, surface and underground waters, the stable network of observations on the state of the geological environment, systematic geological and environmental monitoring should be carried out.

Keywords

Lviv-Volyn basin, mining complex, waste heaps, soils, underground waters, atmosphere.

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