Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 1 (182) 2020, 76-86.
Index DOI: 10.15407/ggcm2020.01.076
Maria KOST’, Halyna MEDVID, Vasyl HARASYMCHUK,Olga TELEGUZ, Iryna SAKHNYUK, Orysia MAYKUTInstitute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Geochemical peculiarities of river and groundwaters of the Outer zone of the Precarpathian deep have been established. It is revealed that the main feature of the distribution of salt composition indicators in the Dniester River and its influxes is hydrochemical zonality, which does not depend on the flow direction of the rivers, but is consistent with the physics-geographical and geological features of the area to which the man-made factor is imposed.
There is an increase in concentrations of sulfate, calcium in the left bank confluent of the river Shchyrka. The waters from the Tysmenytsya, Kolodnitsa and Dniester rivers in the village Kolodrubi are characterized by the highest amounts of sodium and chlorides and are sodium chloride-hydrocarbonate composition. The water composition of the Dniester River (Rozvadiv village), its confluents Bystrytsia and Letnyanka are hydrocarbonate calcium (sodium-magnesium-calcium), Shchyrka, Vereshchitsa – sulfate-hydrocarbonate calcium (magnesium-calcium). The index of biochemical oxygen consumption for 5 days in the waters of Tysmenytsya River reached 4.5 mg O2/dm3, while in other rivers it was 0.70‒3.20 mg O2/dm3. The content of O2 soluble in the waters of the river Vereshchytsya was 0.29 mg/dm3, the value of biochemical oxygen consumption was 11.4 mg O2/dm3.
In the chemical composition of river waters, there is an increase in the concentrations of sodium, potassium and chloride ions from the left bank to the right bank confluents of the Dniester. In the left-bank confluents, in the chemical composition of water dominate the contents of calcium and hydrocarbons ions.
The heterogeneity of the lithological composition, the instability of the thickness of the aquifer both in the horizontal and vertical directions, and the different technogenic influence form the irregularity of pollution and its local distribution in groundwater.
river waters, groundwaters, geochemical features, geochemical zonality, Outer zone, Precarpathian deep.
|Babiienko, V. V., Levkovska, V. Yu., & Hanykina, S. O. (2017). Hihiienichna otsinka dzherel zabrudnennia richky Dnister [Hygienic evaluation of sources of pollution of the river Dniester]. Odeskyi medychnyi zhurnal, 4, 64-67. [in Ukrainian]|
|Herenchuk, K. I. (Red.). (1972). Pryroda Lvivskoi oblasti [Nature of Lviv region]. Lviv: Vyshcha shkola. Vydavnytstvo Lvivskoho universytetu. [in Ukrainian]|
|Hihiienichni vymohy do vody pytnoi, pryznachenoi dlia spozhyvannia liudynoiu [Hygienic requirements for drinking water intended for human habitation]. (2010). DSanPiN 2.2.4-171-10. Nakaz Ministerstva okhorony zdorovia Ukrainy N 400 vid 2010-05-12. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]|
|Ivaniuta, M. M. (red.). (1998). Atlas rodovyshch nafty i hazu Ukrainy. T. 4. Zakhidnyi naftohazonosnyi rehion [Atlas of Oil and Gas Fields of Ukraine. Vol. 4. Western Oil-and-Gas-Bearing Region]. Lviv: Tsentr Yevropy. [in Ukrainian]|
|Lototska, O. V. (2019). Hihiienichni problemy okhorony poverkhnevykh i pidzemnykh vod vid antropotekhnohennoho zabrudnennia ta yikh vykorystannia v pytnomu vodopostachanni v Zakhidnomu rehioni Ukrainy [Hygienic problems of protection of surface and underground waters from anthropotechnogenic pollution and their use in drinking water supply in the western region of Ukraine]. (Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, State Institution “O. M. Marzieiev Institute for Public Health NAMSU”). Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]|
|Pankiv, R., Kost, M., Harasymchuk, V., Maikut, O., Mandzia, O., Sakhniuk, I., Kozak, R., & Palchykova, O. (2015). Heokhimichni osoblyvosti poverkhnevykh vod baseinu richky Dnister u mezhakh Ukrainy [Geochemical features of surface waters of the river Dniester basin within Ukraine]. Heolohiia i heokhimiia horiuchykh kopalyn, 1-2 (166-167), 135-144. [in Ukrainian]|
|Perechen’ rybokhozyaistvennykh normativov: predel’no-dopustimykh kontsentratsii (PDK) i orientirovochno bezopasnykh urovnei veshchestv (OBUV) dlya vody vodnykh ob”ektov, imeyushchikh rybokhozyaistvennoe znachenie [List of fishery standards: maximum permissible concentrations (MPC) and tentatively safe levels of substances (TSEL) for water in water bodies of fishery importance]. (1999). Moskva: Izdatel’stvo VNIRO. [in Russian]|
|Rehionalna dopovid pro stan navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha u Lvivskii oblasti v 2018 rotsi [Regional report on the state of the environment in the Lviv region in 2018]. (2019). Lviv. https://drive.google.com/file/d/1Q7lX0uKWoTbv5rsga5PnSRs l7Tff6qc0/view [in Ukrainian]|
|Shtohryn, O. D., & Havrylenko, K. S. (1968). Pidzemni vody zakhidnykh oblastei Ukrainy [Groundwater of the western regions of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian]|
|Zharkykh, M. I. (Red.). (1998). Doslidzhennia Dnistra: 10 rokiv hromadskoi ekolohichnoi ekspedytsii “Dnister” [Dniester research: 10 years of the public ecological expedition “Dniester”]. Lviv; Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]|