Home > Archive > No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021 > 33–43
Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 3–4 (185–186) 2021, 33–43.
Ihor KUROVETS, Ihor HRYTSYK, Oleksandr PRYKHODKO, Pavlo CHEPUSENKO, Zoryana KUCHER, Stepan MYKHALCHUK, Svitlana MELNYCHUK, Yulia LYSAK, Lyudmyla PETELKOInstitute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: email@example.com
Petrophysical and collecting properties of the reservoir rocks of low-porous, low-permeable deposits of the Menilite suite of the Oligocene flysh of the Carpathians and the Precarpathian deep were studied as well as their interconnections and interactions under normal conditions and in conditions that simulated the formation conditions, and their typical geological-geophysical cross-sections were constructed.
Creation of identical petrophysical models of reservoir rocks was based on the system integrated approach with which the reservoir rock is considered as a system formed in the geological time and consists of interconnected and interacted elements. Petrophysical investigation of the reservoir rocks as the system includes the studies of the characteristics of their elements, the character of interconnections between them taking the conditions of their occurrence into consideration.
On the basis of statistical processing and analysis of the results of laboratory studies of core material, the parametric petrophysical models of “core-core”-type were constructed: statistical dependences between porosity factor, permeability factor, water-saturation, specific weight, parameter of porosity, interval time for arriving acoustic waves and parameter of oil-saturation for atmospheric conditions and effective pressures being comparable to formational ones. Using the method of basic components of factor analysis it was possible to study the influence of geological factors upon geophysical parameters of the reservoir rocks in terrigenous sections and the informative value of geophysical methods while singling-out producing seams in the geological section.
Oil- and gas-saturation of the reservoir rocks, their mineralogical composition and porosity of the reservoir rocks have the most influence on the indications of geophysical methods in the boreholes, somewhat lesser: a depth of their occurrence and the thickness of the seams. Producing and water-bearing beds differ in the value of electrical resistance most of all. The influence of lithogeodynamic factors upon the collecting and physical properties of the reservoir rocks was studied. The main geological factors that determine collecting parameters of terrigenous rocks and their physical properties are the following: a mineral composition, a shape, a size of fragmental grains and pores and their mutual position, a type of fluid-saturation, a rate of catagenetic transformations and a thermodynamic state.
Precarpathian deep, Menilite suite, petrophysical models, low-porous, low-permeable deposits
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