Posted on

ON CONTENT, MIGRATION AND CONCENTRATION OF HEAVY METALS IN OILS (by the example of the Dnieper-Donets Depression)

Home > Archive > No. 4 (181) 2019 > 96-103

Geology & Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals No. 4 (181) 2019, 96-103.

Artem Yerofieiev

V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University,

Ihor Berezovsky

Institute of Geology and Geochemistry of Combustible Minerals of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Lviv, Ukraine,


Literature review and analysis of previous studies of the problem was carried. The main scientific works on the research topic, as well as the main directions and stages of the study are indicated. Similar studies that were conducted on the territory of Ukraine are considered.

The results of the study of heavy metals in oil samples taken from a large oil and gas region from more than thirty deposits of Ukraine are presented. All current and non-working fields are considered.

The geological structure of the oil and gas province, as well as the main geochemical features of the formation of mineral deposits are considered. The main forms of finding target metals, as well as possible ways of transferring these elements in the earth’s crust are given.

Samples were investigated using x-ray fluorescence and neutron activation analysis. The obtained research data in the framework of two selected methods are combined for analysis. The results obtained within the same geological structure are compared with each other to determine the effect of the physical conditions of sediment formation on the microcomponent composition of crude oil. They also compared the effect of physical conditions on the properties of oil and their ability to accumulate heavy metals. Possible causes of the abnormal accumulation of heavy metals due to the close occurrence of oil and formation water are noted.

According to the results obtained, a graph is constructed of the dependence of the mineralization of oil on its depth. An exponential graphical approximation is presented to display the general trend of dependence.

Possible sources and ways of migration and accumulation of heavy metals in hydrocarbons are analyzed. The concept of the migration of heavy metals in oil is proposed in conjunction with the ore mineralization of adjacent and adjacent deposits.

Possible causes of differences in the concentrations of heavy metals in oil of various geological structures are indicated, as well as the main possible causes of measurement errors and complications in the selection of each of the analysis methods are specified.


migration, heavy metals, petroleum, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, petroleum geochemistry, organometallic compounds.


Ahmad, D. M., Hafizan, J., & Kamaruzaman, Y. (2015). Oil spill related Heavy Metal: a Review. Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, 48 (1), 1348-1360.
Akpoveta, O. V., & Osakwe, S. A. (2014). Determination of Heavy Metal Contents in Refined Petroleum. IOSR Journal of Applied Chemistry, 7 (6), 1-2.
Barwise, A. J. G. (1990). Role of nickel and vanadium in petroleum classification. Energy Fuels, 4 (6), 647-652.
Ishchenko, L. V. (2018). Oreolni vody rtutnykh rudnykh poliv Donbasu yak rezultat evoliutsii hidrotermalnykh system. Science Rise, 9, 6-10. [in Ukrainian]
Khlibyshyn, Yu. Ya., Mokhamad Shakir Abd Al-Ameri, Hrynyshyn, O. B., & Pochapska, I. Ya. (2013). Doslidzhennia dystyliatnoi chastyny vysokosirkovoi nafty Orkhovytskoho naftovoho rodovyshcha. Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu “Lvivska politekhnika”, 761, 462-465. [in Ukrainian]
Lazarenko, E. K., Panov, B. S., & Pavlishin, V. I. (1975). Mineralogiya Donetskogo basseyna. Kiev: Naukova dumka. [in Russian]
Madu, A. N., & Iwuoha, G. A. (2011). Extent of heavy metals in oil samples in escravos, Abiteye and Malu Platforms in Delta State Nigeria Njoku. Learning Publics Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Studies, 2 (2), 41-44.
Shnyukov, E. F., Gozhik, P. F., & Krayushkin, V. A. (2007). Vanadiy i nikel v prirodnykh neftyakh Azii. Afriki. Evropy. Severnoy i Yuzhnoy Ameriki. Dopovidi NAN Ukrainy, 3, 137-141. [in Russian]
Suiarko, V. H., Zahnitko, V. M., & Lysychenko, H. V. (2010). Strukturno-heokhimichne prohnozuvannia skupchen vuhlevodniv (na prykladi Zakhidno-Donetskoho hrabenu). Kyiv: IHNS NAN ta MNS Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian]
Suiarko, V. H., Zahnitko, V. M., & Reshetov, I. K. (2008). Ridkisni elementy v hidrotermalnykh vodakh Donbasu. Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina, 803, 70-74. [in Ukrainian]
Sukhanov, A. A., & Petrova, Yu. E. (2008). Resursnaya baza poputnykh komponentov tyazhelykh neftey Rossii. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika, 3, 1-11. [in Russian]
Suyarko, V. G. (1988). Geokhimicheskiye osobennosti podzemnykh vod Donbassa. Geokhimiya, 5, 738-746. [in Russian]
Suyarko, V. G. (2006). Geokhimiya podzemnykh vod vostochnoy chasti Dneprovsko-Donetskogo avlakogena. Kharkov: KhNU imeni V. N. Karazina. [in Russian]
Wilberforce, J. O. (2016). Profile of Heavy Metals in Crude Oil Commonly Consumed for Medicinal Purposes in Abakaliki. IOSR Journal of Pharmacy and Biological Sciences, 11 (3), 43-44.
Yakutseni, S. P. (2010). Glubinnaya zonalnost v obogashchennosti uglevodorodov tyazhelymi elementami-primesyami. Neftegazovaya geologiya. Teoriya i praktika, 5 (2), 1-7. [in Russian]
Zalia, M. A., Kamaruzaman, W., & Ahmad, W. (2015). Concentration of heavy metals in virgin, used, recovered and waste oil: a spectroscopic study. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 30, 201-204.